Steps to Clean Your Rifle

steps to clean your rifle image

Without following the proper steps to clean your rifle, maintenance may be hurting your firearm more than it is helping it. 

This article is to ensure that you’re cleaning your gun the right way, but first, do you have the proper tools for doing so? Using the right tools for cleaning your gun will make the procedure far easier & safer. 

Let’s get started with the steps to take for keeping your fun clean.

Highlighting the Appropriate Steps to Clean Your Rifle


There’s a very good chance that you use a bolt rifle, as that’s the most popular rifle these days. If it is, unload your rifle & unhook the bolt. After this, press the trigger so the bolt slides out from the rifle’s back.

When done with this, set the bolt aside (the appropriate disassembly tool has a pocket; you can keep these things) & dig deeper into the rifle. This is the time to unscrew the scope attached to the rifle. 

Usually, this is all to do here, but if you’re going for a very thorough cleaning, you’ll have to take the barrel & trigger assembly apart as well. 


After disassembling the gun completely, do an inspection to be sure all parts are in good shape & no screw is broken or loose. When you’re satisfied with the rifle’s condition, use a clean cloth or paper towel to wipe off soot or dirt.

Clean the Barrel

Cleaning your barrel comes next. To do so, soak cotton patches in your desired solvent & run along the groove of the barrel. Start from the barrel’s rear towards the other end. Be extra careful with the crown that is located at the barrel’s rear side. Tampering with it will mess up the accuracy of your rifle.

To take the cleaning further, you can affix your caliber brush to your cleaning rod & use more solvent in the barrel, after which you run the rod along the interior groove. Bronze bore brushes will remove carbon particles that the cotton patches could not dislodge.

Clean the Metallic Parts

When you’re done with the barrel, proceed to the other metal parts like the trigger guard, bolt face & magazine box. Soak them for some minutes before wiping off with a clean cloth. 

If some of the metal parts are painted & you suspect the painting may be damaged by the solvent, it is better to have a spray. 

Finishing Up

Before finishing, you have to inspect the parts thoroughly to be sure there is no oil or solvent stain on any of them because the chemical may be corrosive. 

When done with this, get a rust protector & apply it on the metal parts to prevent rust. Proceed to apply a lubricant on the joints (where metal touches metal) using a Cue-Tip. An example of a joint is where your bolt slides & the trigger assembly system.

Concluding the Steps to Clean Your Rifle

Reassembling is the conclusion for the steps to clean your rifle. Put your gun back carefully, ensuring everything tallies. When done, test the coupling by firing blanks & proceeding to the range to know if you’ve done it correctly. You have to be sure you’ve done well here because you don’t want your rifle jamming while shooting afield. 

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